Nomor Panggil : 664.11 Rei.C1
Kolasi : 943p,ill,tab
Although it is with some trepidation that I have authored a new book on sugarcane technology, it seems that it is an opportune time. Most practical sugarcane technology texts are dated and developments in technology in the last 25 years have been substantial. Undertaking the task of writing a book was the suggestion of the publisher Dr. Ju‘rgen Bruhns of Verlag Dr. Albert Bartens, who recognized the need and persuaded me to produce a book of practical usefulness. Many of the previous topics have received a new treatment here and new mate— rial is evident particularly in relation to cane quality and payment, cane preparation, diffusion, clari?cation and ?ltration, syrup clari?cation, continuous pan boiling, molasses exhaustion, chemical control of factories, boilers, steam generation and steam and water balances. The challenges have been to combine the new technology with the old, to be critically selective in the material published and to produce a book coherent in form and content. It is important also to maintain a balanced perspective between theoretical and empirical information. The practicing engineer must use both to be effective, because in most cases a theoretical background promotes a more productive
use of empirical information. Where possible a consistent structure has been followed in each chapter, starting with objectives, followed by theoretical and fundamental issues, then design, equipment details, operation and control, in roughly that order. While attempting to be comprehensive, the temptation to be totally inclusive has had to be resisted, in order to meet the objectives of the book. The book is designed to provide relevant and useful information for the practicing engineer and technologist, as well as for those involved in design and optimization of processes and equipment. Further references ' are provided for those needing to delve deeper. The‘ book covers most of the background material presented in courses on Sugar Processing Engineering and Sugar Factory Design in the Louisiana State University College of Engineering. A valuable foundation for sugarcane technology has been laid by earlier authors, particularly Tromp, Honig, Spencer, Meade, Hugot and Chen. However, most of the information in this book has
been gleaned from the literature and from those with whom I have worked over many years and‘from whom I have learned most of what I know. I identify with the quote of Isaac Newton: “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants”.I have been most fortunate in enlisting the aid of outstanding collaborators, who authored roughly » a quarter of the book. They are all experts in their ?elds and add immeasurably to its value and usefulness. I am grateful too to those who have undertaken to review the chapters, in particular Dr. Mike Ink- son, Ian Smith, Dave Muzzell, Dr. Luis Bento, Dr. Ed Richard, Jimmy Cargill, Dr. Regis Lima Verde Leal and Dr, Dave Love. Their comments and advice have been invaluable. John Dutton also contributed thorough diligent editing and assistance}. I have been fortunate to have associated during my career with these and other technologists in the international sugar community.In attempting to produce a relevant text, SI units have been adopted. This will not be strange in most of the sugar-producing areas. However, the ISO set of notation has been adopted, and the symbols used might appear unfamiliar to some readers. I believe that familiarity with them will prove that they are in fact easy to use and less subject to confusion. There is a real need for standardization in this area. In this respect, the beet sugar industry has been more pro- active, and the system used here brings cane and bé’et sugar technology closer together. I am indebted to the Louisiana State University Agricultural Center for their support. Dr. Jilrgen Bruhns proved to be far more than a publisher. His many constructive suggestions have added value and identi?ed errors. He also helped to keep me on the straight and narrow when I strayed on the paths of inconsistency. Even so, in a work like this it is dif?cult to ensure that no errors are present. I trust they are few and far between and I take total responsibility. I hope that readers will draw attention to them so that they can be corrected in future editions, Finally I wish to thank my wife Kath for her unfailing support and the fact that she never begrudged the long hours I spent on this task. I could not have wished for a better companion through my sugar career.